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Universal Peace Plan

 

 

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How to End Wars

The Mission

There is war in the world where there should be peace.

We have the ability, resources, political knowledge and legal and moral responsibility to bring an end to wars. The United Nations was formed for exactly this reason: To promote and preserve peace. As it does not fulfill its mission, reforms are needed.

In addition, other entities need to consider taking a lead towards achieving a new world order, based on human rights and universal justice.


The Aim


The aim of the Universal Peace Plan is to stop all wars, make war illegal and to foster the underlying elements that are needed for lasting peace.

 

1. An End to Armed Conflict and Nuclear Threat

 

Questions:

  • Which mechanisms are needed to end wars?
  • How can we ensure that the international community as well as every individual state lives up to its responsibility to protect the rights and lives of all people?
  • How can restrictions on arms production, trade, sales and usage ensure the end of armed conflicts? What controls need to be established?

 

Armed conflicts harm people directly and impede the development of societies, nations and the world as a whole. Every armed conflict is preventable and so is every death in such a conflict. The ending of armed conflict should therefore be the goal of this plan.

Institutionalize Peace

  • Make war illegal in all national constitutions and create accountability for killing civilians
  • Prevent armed conflict, genocide, mass murder and atrocities on a defined scale and trigger immediate action
  • Develop mechanisms to stop atrocities immediately

 

 

Reform the United Nations

  • Include the end of wars as a Sustainable Development Goal
  • Reform the UN and its Security Council: abandon the veto right
  • Strengthen the system of checks and balances:

a) Legislation by the UN General Assembly: Make the UN Responsibility to Protect legally binding and enforceable

b) Execution by UN Global Police which acts independently of voting and is directed by its own administration within the UN

c) Jurisdiction by global courts such as the International Criminal Court and the International Court of Justice

 

 

Arms Control

  • Starting from the year 2018: Oblige every arms manufacturer to follow a worldwide guideline making them responsible for whom they sell their arms to
  • Enforce a compulsory registration of all weapons. The arms industry shall be obliged to equip all weapons with GPS devices, a camera which films and transmits any action while the weapon is active and a system to block the weapon
  • Establish an international arms surveillance unit to monitor all weapons worldwide and to direct a special arms police to track down missing and stolen arms

 

 

Nuclear and Chemical Disarmament

  • Eradicate all nuclear and chemical weapons as well as the structures to produce and launch them by 2050
  • Make weapons of mass destruction illegal and start a "countdown to zero"

 

 

Law and Responsibility

  • Make the killings of civilians a crime in every case, also in the so-called ‘casualties of war’
  • Make every police and military action transparent and accountable, record and monitor every action

 

 

Truth & Reconciliation

  • Establish Truth & Reconciliation Commissions in post-conflict societies. They are also needed to address civil conflicts and historical wrongs, avoid violence, and restore justice
  • Ensure that victims of war, violence and oppression, their societies and the whole world have their right to know about human rights violations and crimes against humanity

 

 

2. Universal Justice and Rule of Law

Questions:

  • How can international justice be established?
  • How can the rule of law be established internationally?
  • How can we ensure that all states & non-state organizations subordinate themselves under a common code of law?

 

Universal Law and Justice

The international community as well as nations should be obliged to act to prevent crimes against humanity, war crimes, genocide and torture:

 

  • Create a rule of law and accountability worldwide
  • Ensure that all states sign and ratify the Rome Statute to ensure global justice through the International Criminal Court
  • Make sure that all UN members have to subject to the International Criminal Court
  • Establish a global online justice platform for all victims
  • Define a binding universal code of rights that applies for every individual regardless of their nationality – based on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
  • Define a binding universal code of obligations for states and governments towards their people – also based on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
  • Implement international mechanisms to punish and sanction violations of mentioned rights as well as unwillingness to act according to the above mentioned rights and obligations

 

3. Eradication of Extreme Poverty and Hunger by 2030

 

Questions:

  • How can extreme poverty and hunger be eradicated?
  • How can we ensure sustainable aid, investment and good governance?

 

An efficient policy framework will be essential to address the causes and consequences of extreme poverty which is often the cause of conflict and death.

Extreme Poverty

  • In 2013 about 17% of the world’s population was living on less than 1.25 USD a day. This percentage decreased from 43% in 1990. By 2030 nobody should live below the extreme poverty line.
  • Guarantee through good governance a minimum standard of living, as defined in article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: Political stability, rule of law, voice and accountability, government effectiveness, regulatory quality and control of corruption.
  • Political stability, absence of violence, the rule of law, and equal access to land and natural resources are essential preconditions for peace. In political systems which lack voice and accountability, the poor people face acute difficulties when attempting to influence the political agenda, resulting in low political attention. Establish decentralized, local and sustainable development. Focus on infrastructure, efficiency and good governance.

 


Extreme Hunger

  • Guarantee the end of hunger and malnutrition by 2030: 842 million people in the world today do not have enough to eat. In developing countries, every seventh person goes hungry. This has only decreased by 20% over the last 20 years.
  • Guarantee the end of malnutrition for children by 2030: Currently, the development of every fourth child is stunted by malnutrition. In developing countries, this can rise to one in three. 45% of all childhood deaths are linked to malnutrition.

 

 

Development

  • States shall be obligated to spend a minimum of 1% of the GDP on development or investments in developing countries
  • Make funding of specific aid programs dependent on evaluation of progress: Prefer cooperation partners with clear accountability structures. States ranking low on the Transparency International Corruption Index shall not receive development aid, instead the aid shall be distributed directly to non-governmental organizations and the civil society in form of aid, investments or grants.


Financing Development

  • Reduce spending on military by 10% every 3 years, a total of 30% in 9 years
  • Spend the billions saved on military expenditures – approximately 170 billion USD per year in the first 3 years, 306 billion USD per year in the next 3 years and 418 billion USD per year in the following 3 years – to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger and to invest in education, health and environmental protection

 

4. Health and Fatal Diseases


Questions:

  • Which diseases are the biggest threats to human health and what can be done about it?
  • How can we ensure, that the financial interests of the pharmaceutical industry do not interfere with the worldwide need for medication?

 

Preventable and treatable diseases such as AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria pose an enormous threat to mankind. Diseases do not only harm infected individuals but also burden national economies and destabilize societies. Make medication for preventable and/or controllable diseases available and affordable for all persons affected. Invalidate IP right claims connected to medication for treatment of HIV, AIDS, TB and Malaria. Fund and implement appropriate education on the prevention and understanding of these diseases. Eradicate the following diseases by 2030:

HIV / AIDS

  • There were 2.3 million HIV infections and 1.6 million subsequent deaths worldwide in 2012, while the cost of first-line antiretroviral therapy has in some countries been reduced to as little as 140 USD per person per year.

 

 

Tuberculosis

  • There were 8.6 million TB infections and 1.3 million deaths in 2012. Especially vulnerable are people already infected with HIV.
  • In industrialized countries TB treatment costs about 2,000 USD per person. In developing countries a generic pill costs as little as 8 USD – which is still unaffordable for most of the people affected. Globally, 79% of people with TB do not have access to Directly Observed Therapy Short-course (DOTS). Extend and fund programs giving out medication free of charge for people in need.

 

 

Malaria

  • 660,000 people died of malaria in 2011. 90% of these deaths occurred in Sub-Saharan Africa, where a child dies from malaria approximately every minute.
  • The cost of sending an insecticide-treated bed-net, along with a trained professional to explain how to use it best, is only 10 USD. Highly effective medical treatment significantly reducing the risk of death costs only 2 USD each. Establish cooperation with local partners to supply insecticide-treated nets.

 

 

Child Mortality

  • 6.6 million children died under the age of five in 2012.
  • Reduce child mortality by 50% by 2030 by guaranteeing access to simple, affordable interventions such as vaccination, adequate nutrition, exclusive breastfeeding, reduction of household air pollution, access safe water and food, adequate sanitation and hygiene

 

 

5. Environmental Protection & Climate Change

 

Questions:

  • How can this planet as habitat for all flora and fauna be preserved?
  • How can we ensure that all states and industries commit to stop climate change?

 

The international community needs to respond to the environmental threats with binding laws and quotas. Problems such as global climate change, ozone layer depletion, production of toxic waste, loss of forests and species, and air and water pollution need to be stopped with legal and technological steps such as:

 

Environmental Protection and Climate Change

  • Enacting binding legal limits for pollutant energy sources
  • Funding and facilitating the change from fossil to renewable energy sources. Only renewable energy sources shall be used from the year 2050 on
  • Establishing laws with quotas and setting up funding to preserve flora and fauna worldwide
  • Creating binding global regulations regarding the possession, exploitation and distribution of natural resources like water, minerals, natural gas and crude oil
  • Conserving oceans and seas; ensure that maritime resources are used sustainably
  • Eliminating nuclear and chemical dangers until 2030

 

 

6. Education


Questions:

  • How can we ensure that primary education is provided to every child by 2025?
  • How can education represent universal values in all schools and contribute to a peaceful world?

 

The right to education is a basic human right. Education is the key to development and essential to create peace and understanding. According to Nelson Mandela, "education is the key for everything.”

Education

  • Raise the number of children receiving primary education by 20% each year: There are currently 61 million children of primary school age who are not going to school left.
  • Raise the number of students attending secondary education by 10% each year: There are currently 71 million adolescents of secondary school age who are not attending any secondary school institution.
  • Ensure that students can attend higher education institutions without limitations based on their race, political beliefs, ethnic origins, religious beliefs, gender, physical capabilities or financial situation
  • Ensure that all states increase funding for education and research to 10% of the GDP by 2020
  • Adjust school curricula to influence the perception of violence and war, acknowledging murder and violence as acts of obscenity that should be eradicated
  • Negotiate a global code of conduct for the presentation of violence, killings and war in media, news, advertisement, games, film and television: Limit the appearance of violence and murder as entertainment. Smoking and pornography are not part of mainstream entertainment, why murder and killings? There should be no censorship for art, but limitations for general entertainment.

 

 

7. Gender Equality and Empowerment of Women

Questions:

  • How can we ensure with incentives that all people are treated and considered equal, regardless of their gender or sexual orientation?
  • How can we ensure, with incentives, that empowerment of women is not only implemented by binding legal rules, but is also growing from within society?

 

The empowerment of women is not only a legal requirement but also the strongest proven factor for change and economic development. Women's equal participation in all aspects of life, advancing gender equality and enhancing women's participation in peace-building are central to achieving peace.

Gender Equality and Empowerment of Women

  • Adjust the distribution of aid and investment to give equal chances to everyone regardless of gender
  • Implement strategies to encourage a higher participation of women in political and management roles
  • Raise awareness about gender-specific violence and acts of war; abandon amnesty for such crimes and prosecute them
  • Protect mothers economically and with health care measures: Since 44% of all child deaths occur within the first month of life, providing skilled care to mothers during pregnancy, as well as during and after birth, greatly contributes to child survival.
  • 287,000 women died during pregnancy and childbirth in 2010, more than 99% of which occurred in developing countries, most of which were preventable

 

 

8. Good Governance and Democracy

Questions:

  • What could be the definition of ‘good governance’ and ‘democracy’?
  • How can we ensure that all people have the chance to live in a democratic society?

 

Democracy and transparency are needed to ensure a just society. A catalogue should be developed to define the minimum requirements for states to be considered democracies, including a democratic election process that is internationally monitored. There is also a need for accountability structures for the distribution and use of aid to ensure that it reaches the people it is supposed to reach.

Good Governance and Democracy

  • Ensure that states can exercise full international rights and participate fully in international trade only if they prove a certain level of democracy
  • Make international aid and economic co-operation depended on good governance
  • These restrictions do not apply to humanitarian aid as against hunger, diseases and disaster relief
  • Ban members of non-democratic governments from travelling to democratic countries. Their illegally-acquired assets need to be frozen and returned after democracy is established.

 

 

9. Cultural Rights


Questions:

  • How can indigenous people and minorities of any kind be protected?
  • How can society be changed to regard differences in religion, ethnic origin, language, etc., as a positive and enriching element rather than a threat?

 

Culture is central to people’s identity and well-being and therefore cultures are to be protected as part of the Universal Human Rights. Mutual respect between cultures is a condition for lasting peace worldwide.

Language

  • Every person shall have the right to use the language of choice in the public sphere and in private.
  • Educational systems should adjust to the languages spoken by their students and make them languages of instruction. A mutual link language shall also become subject of education.

 

 

Religion and Beliefs

  • No religion and no belief system shall be subject to discrimination, neither should its followers.
  • There shall be a strict separation of state and religion, beliefs and belief systems. Therefore, no state shall promote a certain religion or belief.

 

 

Indigenous Peoples

  • Indigenous peoples shall have the right to maintain their traditions, way of life, political and legal customs and their use of land. They shall retain their right to participate fully in political, social, economic and cultural life of the state.
  • States shall be obliged to act according to the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

 

Minorities

  • States shall be obliged to protect and promote ethnical, religious, social and cultural minorities. They shall support the intercultural exchange between the diverse cultures of minorities and majorities.

 

 

Nationality

  • Everyone has the right to a nationality. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his or her nationality nor denied the right to change his or her nationality.

 

 

Freedom of Movement & Residence

  • Every person has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of a state, to leave any country, including his or her own, and to return to his or her country. Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.

 

 

10. Free Media, Freedom of Expression and Transparency

Questions:

  • How can we ensure that truthful information is always available to all people?
  • How can we ensure that all people can voice their opinion, interests and political as well as religious believes without fearing any legal repercussions?

 

The fundament of a working democracy and peaceful society is the free exchange of opinions and access to information and independent media sources.

Freedom of Expression

  • Guarantee freedom of expression, political opinion and association in every country

 

 

Freedom of the Media

  • Guarantee that the media is free from state interference and any kind of censorship and avoid a monopoly in the media sector

 

 

Transparency

  • Ensure transparency of all governmental activities, expenditures, military decisions and the work of intelligence agencies.
  • Implement mechanisms of transparency and honest public information in order to facilitate public discussion of political decisions – especially on security, war and conflicts.

 

Upcoming Screenings:

 

'He Name Me Malala'

Nicosia, Cyprus / September 27th , 19:00 / Corner Agion Omologiton & Agialou 1

 

'Girl Rising'

Nicosia, Cyprus / October 4th , 19:00 / Corner Agion Omologiton & Agialou 1

 

 

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SUPPORTERS

“Let me applaud Cinema for Peace. Every time you and our friends from the creative community reach out to help people to learn about human rights and justice, you help the United Nations to keep the peace”

- Ban Ki-moon, Secretary General of the United Nations