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IRAN

Dear ladies and gentlemen,

Atomic inspectors in Vienna confirmed Monday that Iran has begun enriching uranium at a new plant carved out of a mountain, an act of defiance that comes amid rising tensions between Washington and Tehran over oil revenues and global sanctions.

More than five years ago, the United Nations Security Council began calling on Iran to stop purifying uranium, which can fuel nuclear reactors or atom bombs. Instead, Tehran accelerated its efforts, saying its nuclear program is entirely peaceful in nature.

In past days, Iranian officials have claimed they were about to begin operating the new plant — known as Fordo and located in a mountainous region near the holy city of Qum. It is Iran’s second major enrichment site, and it is buried deep underground. That makes it not only less vulnerable to attack but also potentially far more opaque. It remained an Iranian secret until its existence was unveiled more than two years ago.

A spokeswoman for the International Atomic Energy Agency, Gill Tudor, said Monday that the agency could confirm that Iran has begun enriching uranium at the Fordo plant.

“All nuclear material in the facility remains under the agency’s containment and surveillance,” she added in a statement. The agency’s inspectors have routinely monitored the plant’s construction since its unveiling.

Ms. Tudor added that Iran was enriching uranium at the underground plant to 20 percent purity — a level that can make fuel for a research reactor in Tehran. But that concentration is also far easier to make into fuel for an atom bomb, compared to uranium enriched at Iran’s sprawling main plant in the desert at Natanz.

Cinema for Peace has the standpoint that nobody should have nuclear arms or nuclear plants. If you watch the recommended movies you might agree. Among others the German ethical commission had watched the Cinema for Peace collection on films dealing with the Nuclear Threat before deciding that Germany will abolish the use of nuclear energy. The decision was mainly made because of Fukushima, but filmmakers have helped to inform about the overall dangers which are mostly unknown to the public.

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WATCH THE CINEMA FOR PEACE TRAILER OF THE DAY

Countdown to Zero (2010) by Lucy Walker: A documentary about the escalating nuclear arms race.

Iranium (2011) by Alex Traiman: Iranium is a timely documentary presenting the dangerous scenarios posed to the free world by a nuclear Iran.

Into Eternity by Michael Madsen The film illustrates the problems of how to deal with the immense amount of nuclear waste that is produced all over the world.